Fitzpatrick handcuffs

What Progress on Justice for Care Leavers?

Dr Claire Fitzpatrick

Are care leavers just more criminal? You might think so when you see them over-represented, year after year, in the criminal justice statistics. Would it be fair to think like this? Of course not! In reality, the situation is far from straightforward. This is certainly evident from current concerns (such as those raised by the House of Commons Justice Committee) over the unnecessary criminalisation of children in care for minor offences, their treatment in the youth justice system and their effective abandonment by local authorities as care leavers in the criminal justice system.

Continue reading

Person holding Catalan blue-starred independence flag at 2012 independence rally

Independence Referendums in Catalonia and Crimea: understanding the democratic right of secession in international law?

Prof Steven Wheatley

The Catalonia regional government has signalled its intention to go ahead with a vote on independence on 9 November despite the opposition of the central government in Madrid. The vote has been modified in light of restrictions imposed by the Spanish courts, and will now be organised by volunteers, without any formal electoral roll. The vote in Catalonia follows the referendum in Scotland (where the population voted ‘No’ to independence) and the hastily arranged and badly organized referendums in the Ukrainian regions of Donetsk or Luhansk (‘Yes’ to independence or greater autonomy – the question on the ballot is unclear) and Ukrainian region of Crimea (‘Yes’ to becoming a federal subject within the Russian Federation).

Continue reading


Emma Watson, Gender Equality and the Apprentice: you’re fired, unless you wear plenty of makeup, a short skirt…

Dr Mark Butler

Discrimination- misconceived views

The fight for equality between on gender grounds has been one that has been ongoing for some time (the EU and the United Nations playing key roles), but there is clearly a lot that still needs to be done. The gender pay gap is clear evidence of this; female workers in the UK currently earning on average 19% less than their male counterparts. Although this is considered an ‘improvement’ from the historical context, this serves to highlight that we are still some way off achieving equality. This is exacerbated when one considers that workers in atypical and marginal employment relationships, for example part time workers, earn over 1/3 less per hour than their full time counterparts (according to the Office of National Statistics in 2012), and that many of these positions are filled by female workers. However, having recently watched over the HeForShe speech given by Emma Watson, and having endured the new bunch of “business leaders” on the Apprentice, it did get me thinking about gender equality in business, and this blog encapsulates those musings.

Continue reading


The Parental Involvement Presumption

Louise Rae

The Children and Families Act 2014 came into force six months ago today. The Act put into place some of the Family Justice Reforms that had long been discussed and debated. One of the major changes to family law was that residence and contact orders were replaced by child arrangement orders. Today section 11 of the Act comes into force and introduces a new presumption of ‘continued parental involvement’. The presumption only applies to family proceedings commenced after 22nd October 2014.

Continue reading


Lancaster University Law School Professor in the News

Professor Suzanne Ost writes in The Guardian about John Grisham’s comments about child abuse images.

Suzanne Ost’s other blog posts include ‘Now you see them now you don’t? The battle to block online child sexual abuse images‘ with Siobhan Weare (@SiobhanWeare), and ‘A right to die or a step too far? Assisted dying and being ‘tired of life’

Suzanne Ost (@SuzanneOst3737is Professor of Law in the Law School at Lancaster. She researches in the areas of medical law and ethics and child sexual exploitation. She is the co-author of Medicine and Bioethics in the Theatre of the Criminal Process and is the Editor-in-Chief of the Medical Law Review.

You can find out more about Suzanne’s research at



Lanc Uni.091008-076 copy

Clearing and Adjustment 2014

For full information on clearing and adjustment opportunities at Lancaster University, including our Clearing and Adjustment Hotline, visit:

Vacancies will be listed on the Lancaster University Clearing and Adjustment Pages on Results Day.  They will also be available via The Telegraph, and UCAS. Continue reading

Firth UKBorderHeathrowT5

The Price of Love: MM and others v Secretary of State [2014] EWCA

Georgina Firth

The issue of family migration has long been a controversial area in immigration law, not least because it represents a particular set of challenges to a Government. Unlike decisions to admit a migrant for work or business, family migration brings to the fore a tension between the personal interests of those lawfully in the UK who wish to reunite with their family members and the desire of the Government to manage and often limit migration. One of the recurrent themes that emerges in policy in this area is a concern that family migrants and their British based sponsors should have sufficient financial resources to be able to support themselves and enable the migrant to participate and integrate into society without being a burden on the general taxpayer. In the Family Migration Consultation of July 2011, the government argued that too many family migrants are reliant on the low wages of their sponsor and risk needing welfare support.

Continue reading